The time on every business day established by ECC for every spot product. Spot market trades concluded or registered after the accounting cut-off are considered concluded or registered on the next business day. Unless other provisions are made, the accounting cut-off corresponds to the end of trading on every business day.
All contractual agreements between the transmission system operator or hub operator and the Trading Participant as well as between the transmission system operator / hub operator and ECC Lux regarding the settlement of power and natural gas deliveries.
Daily ECC process carried out in the evening for daily settlement, position administration as well as the calculation and booking of margins for all transactions for which ECC has taken over clearing.
Business Day / ECC Business Day
The days from Monday to Friday on which transactions are settled financially by ECC excluding T2 holidays.
The business hours are from 7.30 am to 7.00 pm on every business day.
Cash pledge account
Pledge account of the Clearing Member with regard a given Non-Clearing Member kept at ECC.
Central Counterparty, central counterparty within the meaning of art. 1 paragraph 31 KWG [German Banking Act]
Financial and physical settlement of transactions as well as collateralisation of transactions.
Accounts of the Clearing Members, the Sub-CCP and ECC, which are kept by ECC or a third party on behalf of ECC and to which payments are credited or from which such are debited in batch processing during the settlement of the transactions in accordance with the Clearing Conditions.
Clearing Member which enables his clients to access a Market if such client does not have access to this Market itself. Clients which use their Clearing Member as Clearing Broker must be admitted as Non-Clearing Members and Trading Participants by ECC.
ECC requests a contribution to the clearing fund from the Clearing Members. This contribution is used, for example, to cover intraday risks and other risks (stress case).
Central counterparty for the transactions included in clearing.
Participant in the clearing procedure who has a clearing license. A Clearing Member can also be licensed by ECC as a Trading Participant for one of the products.
Types: General Clearing Member, Direct Clearing Member.
An open position in futures and options is closed out by concluding an exactly opposite matching trade. In case of a default on the part of a Clearing Member or upon a request by a Clearing Member in case of a default on the part of a Non-Clearing Member, ECC will close out the positions of the Clearing Member or Non-Clearing Member concerned.
Standardised unit of measurement for transactions. In the case of spot market contracts, this refers to the quantity of the commodity; in the case of derivatives market contracts, it refers to the quantity of the commodity and the maturity date of the delivery. The contract specifications determine the arrangements of any given contract.
Products which are traded on a market recognised by ECC and for which a Sub-CPP is included in the clearing process on the basis of an agreement.
Different possibilities of offsetting risks which cancel each other out entirely or in part in a portfolio are referred to as cross-margining by means of which the amount of the margins to be furnished is adjusted to the actual risk. For this purpose, ECC combines net positions into margin classes and margin groups.
The delivery margin for emission rights is used to hedge against those risks which arise from the claim to delivery which the buyer has towards ECC as a result of a failed delivery of the seller.
The Delivery Period is according to the respective contract specification the period which is defined for delivery.
Derivatives Market Transaction
Transaction by a Trading Participant which has a deferred settlement date (futures or options).
Market or submarket on which transactions in products with a deferred settlement date (usually later than 2 business days) are concluded and/or registered.
Direct Clearing Member (DCM)
A Direct Clearing Member is entitled to settle both its own transactions and its customers’ transactions as well as transactions of affiliated trading participants without a clearing license (Non-Clearing Members).
European Commodity Clearing AG. As the central counterparty ECC is the clearing house for all transactions included in clearing.
European Commodity Clearing Luxembourg S.à r.l., a subsidiary of ECC with the objective of providing physical settlement of all transactions for which ECC has assumed clearing for the Trading Participants.
European Energy Exchange. EEX is an exchange operator with various sub-markets on which spot market and derivatives market transactions are traded or registered. At the same time, EEX is the parent company of ECC.
Trading instruments which are to contribute to the reduction of global CO2 emissions through or on the basis of the Kyoto Protocol.1 allowances equals 1 tonne CO2 equivalent.
EPEX SPOT SE, EPEX is a market on which power spot market transactions are concluded or registered in the framework of exchange trading.
Expiry Month Factor
In addition to the Additional Margin Parameter, the Expiry Month Factor is used for the calculation of the Additional Margin for net positions in month futures as soon as this future is a front contract. In this way the higher risk during the delivery period (higher volatility or delivery and payment liabilities arising from physical settlement) is taken into account.
General Clearing Member (GCM)
A General Clearing Member is entitled to settle both its own transactions and its customers’ transactions as well as transactions of trading participants without a clearing license (Non-Clearing Members).
HUPX Zrt. HUPX is a market on which power spot and derivatives market transactions are concluded in the framework of exchange trading
A client of a Clearing Member without being a Non-Clearing member which takes part in the clearing procedure at ECC through that respective Clearing Member.
The Initial Margin covers the intraday risk from spot market transactions on power, natural gas and emission allowances.
Additional margin which the Clearing Member has to deposit with ECC and which the Non-Clearing Member in turn has to deposit with its Clearing Member in the course of an exchange trading day in highly volatile market situations.
Replacement purchase for delivery liabilities or forced sale of accounts receivable from spot market transactions or physically fulfilled futures of a Clearing Member or Non-Clearing Member which have fallen due. Profits and losses from such replacement purchase or forced sale are set off against receivables and liabilities for payment for the deliveries which exist at the same time.
Margin to be furnished in cash or in securities which the Clearing Member has to deposit with ECC and which the Non-Clearing Member has to deposit with its Clearing Member and which is intended to cover the losses that might be incurred in case of a default on account of the open positions in futures and options on the part of such party. There are five types of margins at ECC: the Initial Margin, the Premium Margin, the Additional Margin, the Spread Margin and the Delivery Margin.
Clearing Members are obliged to pay Variation Margin on a daily basis. Moreover, the daily adjustment of the Premium Margin for open positions in options can also lead to additional calls with regard to the Premium Margin. These calls or additional calls are referred to as margin calls. The non-performance of a margin call forms a risk for ECC and/or the Clearing Member.
Exchange, multilateral trading facility or comparable organisation which permits the conclusion or registration of transactions in products included in clearing by ECC.
A mechanism for the integration of power markets through coordinated pricing and the allocation of transmission capacities.
Market Coupling Contract
A contract which makes the available transmission capacity between two market areas tradeable in the form of Physical Transmission Rights (“PTR“) and which makes this the subject of clearing services.
Netting out of open positions into net positions.
Participant in the clearing procedure who has concluded an NCM agreement with a Clearing Member and is approved as a Trading Participant for certain products by ECC.
NOREXECO ASA, located in Oslo, Norway, offers a fully regulated trading market for derivatives, serving the forestry, recycled fibre and pulp industries.
Option Price Model
ECC uses theoretical option prices as projected option prices in order to calculate possible risks from open positions in options. These theoretical option prices are calculated using the Black76 option price model.
Balance of several derivatives market transactions regarding the same contract which have not been settled yet.
The European Energy Exchange (EEX) has successfully integrated Powernext as scheduled as of 1 January 2020. All required approvals have been received to integrate the natural gas spot and derivatives markets to EEX and to transfer the registry business to EEX.
ECC as the central counterparty in its legal relationship with the Sub-CCP
Spot market contract or all derivatives market contracts with the same underlying and different maturity dates which are traded in one market and have been included in clearing by ECC.
POWER EXCHANGE CENTRAL EUROPE, a.s. (PXE) is a market on which derivatives market transactions are traded or registered. Spot market transactions of PXE Trading Participants are traded on the common day-ahead market of PXE and OTE (“PXE Spot Market Transactions”).
T2 or CBF 6 Series accounts of the Clearing Members, the Sub-CCP and of ECC, to which the daily balance of their clearing accounts is credited or from which such is debited. ECC specifies whether T2 or CBF 6 Series accounts have to be used as settlement accounts for every product.
Financial and physical settlement of spot market transactions is effected from Monday to Friday and can also take place on official national holidays which are not exchange trading days. This concerns 1 May, Ascension Day, Whit Monday and 3 October provided such are weekdays.
In the case of short positions in options which are by far out-of-the-money, the short option adjustment replaces the maximum option price projected on the edge of the margin interval in the calculation of the Additional Margin if the short option adjustment is higher than the maximum option price projected.
Market or submarket on which transactions regarding products are concluded and/or registered which are settled within a period of two business days.
Spot Market Transaction
Transaction by a Trading Participant which is fulfilled within two business days.
Application to EEX regarding the exclusion of a Non-Clearing Member and declaration not to execute any further transactions of this Clearing Member on the EEX Derivatives Market which is provided technologically.
A central counterparty within the meaning of art. 1 paragraph 2 KWG [German Banking Act] which takes part in clearing provided by ECC on the basis of a special agreement (CCP-Sub-CCP Agreement).
Theoretical Option Price
Option price which is established with the help of an option price model.
Difference in the price of two futures contracts with the same underlying security but different maturities.
The total of Premium Margin, Initial Margin, Additional Margin, Spread Margin and Delivery Margin
A trade is a spot market or derivatives market transaction in one of the products approved by ECC which Trading Participants have concluded in a market or which they have registered and which is settled by ECC.
Conditions passed by a market in accordance with which transactions are concluded and/or registered.
Days on which trading takes place or on which transactions can be registered. These are specified by the respective market operator.
Company which is licensed as a Trading Participant in one market, approved as a Trading Participant for one product by ECC and takes part in the clearing procedure on ECC as a Non-Clearing Member or as a Clearing Member.
The underlying price of power, natural gas, emission allowances, futures and options. Futures have the prices of monthly, quarterly or annual base or peak load power deliveries as their underlying securities.
Profits and losses which result from changes in the value of positions in futures are settled in cash on a daily basis. This daily profit and loss settlement is also referred to as a mark-to-market procedure. The daily credit or debit resulting from this is referred to as the Variation Margin.
Volatility is a measure of the price fluctuations in the course of one day. ECC analyses the price movements in the underlying securities and time spreads and derives their volatility from this. The Additional Margin Parameter and the Spread Margin Parameter can then be determined on the basis of volatility.